ARS Technica: 10,000 Linux servers hit by malware serving tsunami of spam and exploits
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Thad Floryan
2014-03-20 01:00:27 UTC
I didn't get around to reading this until a short while ago; it's a very
interesting report:


which begins:

Researchers have documented an ongoing criminal operation infecting more
than 10,000 Unix and Linux servers with malware that sends spam and
redirects end users to malicious Web pages.

Windigo, as the attack campaign has been dubbed, has been active since
2011 and has compromised systems belonging to the Linux Foundation's
kernel.org and the developers of the cPanel Web hosting control panel,
according to a detailed report published Tuesday by researchers from
antivirus provider Eset. During its 36-month run, Windigo has
compromised more than 25,000 servers with robust malware that sends more
than 35 million spam messages a day and exposes Windows-based Web
visitors to drive-by malware attacks. It also feeds people running any
type of computer banner ads for porn services.

The Eset researchers, who have been instrumental in uncovering similar
campaigns compromising large numbers of servers running the nginx,
Lighttpd, and Apache Web servers, said the latest campaign has the
potential to inflict significant harm on the Internet at large. They

The number of systems affected by Operation Windigo might seem
small when compared with recent malware outbreaks where millions
of desktops are infected. It is important to keep in mind that,
in this case, each infected system is a server. These usually
offer services to numerous users and are equipped with far more
resources in terms of bandwidth, storage and computation power
than normal personal computers. A denial of service attack or a
spam-sending operation using one thousand servers is going to be
far more effective than the same operation performed with the
same number of desktop computers.

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Thad Floryan
2014-03-20 01:04:07 UTC
Post by Thad Floryan
I didn't get around to reading this until a short while ago; it's a very
Also this, a 3.5MB, 69 page report: